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Albert Camus

Albert Camus was a multi-faceted genius. This  Algeria born, French writer was also a  journalist, playwright and philosopher and is best  known for his philosophy of Absurdism. He was opposed to rationalists and though alienated himself from other existentialists, was arguably the most prominent existentialist of the 20th Century. Camus  pondered over the meaning of life in the face of death and his book  The Myth of Sisyphus was an attempt to resolve the issue of life and death.

   Camus was born in Mondovi, Algeria on November 7, 1913 and within an year of his birth, his father died in the battlefield in Europe fighting the First Battle of Marne. While in school, Camus's extraordinary qualities were noticed by his teacher who encouraged him for studies. By the time Camus received his baccalauréat in 1930, he was reading the likes of Gide, Montherlant and Malraux. While continuing his college education, Camus had a bout of Tuberculosis and after recovering from the disease, he pursued his studies in the University of Algiers. Simultaneously, he was supporting himself through odd jobs such as selling car spare parts and giving private tutions.

  After earning a degree in Philosophy, Camus migrated to France where he served as sub-editor, social and political reporter, leader-writer, and book-reviewer of left-wing newspaper Alger-Républicain. During the Second World War, he took up the editorship of an underground newspaper Combat and supported French Resistance groups. After the War ,he fully devoted himself to writing and produced The Stranger (1946), The Plague (1948), The Rebel (1954) and The Myth of Sisyphus (1955).

On January 4, 1960, Camus was killed in a car accident while returning to Paris with his friend and publisher Michel Gallimard. He was only forty-six years old and had written as recently as 1958, "I continue to be convinced that my work hasn't even been begun." Adding to the tragedy was the fact that Camus disliked cars and had intended to return to Paris by train until Gallimard convinced him to change his mind. The return half of a rail ticket was found unused in his pocket.

 He received the 1957 Nobel Prize for Literature.

Albert Camus

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