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Andre Paul Guillaume Gide

Awards: Nobel Prize in Literature-1947 ( He was too ill to attend the ceremony)

Nobel Committee in its citation stated that the prize was given for "for his comprehensive and artistically significant writings, in which human problems and conditions have been presented with a fearless love of truth and keen psychological insight"

Born: 22/11/1869 in Paris, France

Died: 19/02/1951  in Paris, France

Citizen: French

Language: French

   Andre Gide was born to a middle class Protestant family and his father was a Professor in Law in Paris University. His father died when he was eleven years old and Andre's childhood was lonely and isolated. In 1893 & 1894, he traveled to North Africa and he seems to have discovered homosexuality there. He had also befriended Oscar Wilde in 1895 in Algiers, capital of Algeria and it was presumed that Oscar had introduced Gide to gay attitude. But research shows that Gide was aware of it before his meeting Oscar Wilde. This sexual aberration remained with Gide life long, was reflected in his novel The Immoralist and led to delay in getting the Nobel Prize because moral issues were involved.

  Andre was a prolific writer and his writing skills blossomed early. In 1908, he helped in founding The New French Review. Andre started his literary career with participation in symbolist movement. Gide's work can be seen as an investigation of freedom and empowerment in the face of moralistic and puritanical constraints, and gravitates around his continuous effort to achieve intellectual honesty. The later generation writers like Albert Camus, Jean-Paul Satre  were influenced by him.

   In 1920s, He raised his voice on Prisoners' rights. During 1926-27, he toured French Colonial Africa such as Chad and Congo and was appalled by the French exploitative practices of Business groups there. He also lent his voice against such corporate practices.

Landmark:    Roman Catholic Church had placed Gide's works on the Index of Forbidden Books in 1952. * In 1935, André Gide and André Malraux traveled to Berlin to petition Hitler for the improved treatment of prisoners.

Notable Works: Travels of Urien(1893), Marshlands(1895), Saul(1896), Prometherus Unchained(1899), The Immoralist (1902/1930) ,The Pastoral Symphony (1934),Fruits of the Earth(1949),The Counterfeiters(1926/1927),Corydon(1923)

Andre Gide

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