1978 Neustadt International Prize for Literature ;1980 Nobel
Prize in Literature.
Born: 30/06/1911 in Seteniai, a village in
Lithuania on the left bank of Zevezis river.
Died: 14/08/2004 in Krakow, 2nd largest city
of Poland situated on the bank of Vistula river
Citizen: Originally Polish, but defected in 1951.
settled in USA and became a US Citizen.
Language: Polish, English
Milosz published his first collection of poems in
1934-"Poemat o czasie(Poem of the Frozen Time)" at the same time when
he had Law Degree. The Degree was followed by a Fellowship in Paris.
Milosoz had a communistic leaning. When the Second World War broke
out, Milosz was in Warsaw but did not aggressively participate in
political movements. He was later appointed as Cultural attache of
Poland Govt. in Paris. Because of his strong anti-government. stand, Polish
govt. recalled him. In stead of returning, he defected to US. Between
1961 to 1968, he was Professor, Slavic Language, University of
California at Berkley. His works were banned in Poland.
His works reflect the clash between
totalitarianism and free mind. "The Captive Mind" narrates
anti-Stalinism in Stalin dominated Soviet Union.
Influences: John Donne, Czeslaw Milosz,
W H Auden, Robert Frost, Derek Walcott, Osip Mandelshtam.
Captive Mind(1953), Native Realm(1959), Unattainable
Earth( ), Trzy Zimy(Three Winters)-1936, Ocalmie
(Rescue)-1945, Traktat Poetycki(A Poetical Treatise)-1957,
Na brzegu rzeki(Facing the River)-1994
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