Prix International, 1949(France)
1981 Nobel Prize in Literature.
Born: 25/07/1905 in Ruse, Bulgaria
Died: 14/08/19944 in Zurich, Switzerland
Citizen: Originally Bulgarian, British
citizenship in 1952, Stayed in Switzerland during last 20 years of his
life and became a Swiss citizen.
When Elias was 7 years' old, his father died and
mother moved with children to Vienna, Zurich and Frankfurt. At
Frankfurt, Elias completed his High School Education. In 1924, he
moved to Vienna to study Chemistry and obtained a degree from
University of Vienna in 1929. But his interest was in philosophy and
literature and he had a distinct leftist leaning. He started writing
during this period. In 1938, he moved to England and stayed there till
1970's even though his works were in German.
He has written lucidly
about crowd behavior in mob violences and religious congregations.
Tetralogy of Autobiographical memoirs-- Die Gerettete Zunge(1977)--The
Tongue Set Free, Die Fackel in Ohr(1980), --The Torch in
my Ear,Das Augenspiel(1985)--The Play of the Eyes, Das
Geheimherz de Uhr-Aufzeichnungen(1987)-The Secret Heart of the
Clock, Auto-da-Fe, Crowds and Power, The Voices of
Marrakesh (published posthumously)
Order Elias Canetti's Books below