Nobel Prize in Literature-1975
in its citation stated that the prize was given for
"his distinctive poetry which,
with great artistic sensitivity, has interpreted human values under
the sign of an outlook on life with no illusions."
Born: 12/10/1896 in Genoa, Italy
Died: 12/09/1981 in Milan, Italy.
Montale was born in a middle class family and his father was a trader
dealing in chemicals. He was the youngest of six sons. After formal
school education, he worked as an accountant at the age of 19. He was
attracted to literature at an early age and used to frequent the
libraries, attended philosophy classes conducted by her sister and
also took lessons in English and other languages. During First World
War, he was sent to the War front and returned home in 1920.
His first poetry collection Cuttlefish Bones was published in 1925.
The landscape and the sea around his native place had an overpowering
effect on him. Nature alone stood dignified in a sea of desperation
and defeat. In 1927, he moved to Florence, then cradle of Italian
poetry. In Florence, he produced his finest anthology Occasions
in 1939. T S Eliot had a strong influence on Montale's poetry.
Before his death, Montale wrote a series of poignant poems.
Ossia di seppia -- Cuttlefish Bones(1925),
La Casa dei doganieri e altre poesie--
The House of the Customs Officer and other Poems(1932),
Le occasioni-- The Opportunities(1939),
La bufera altro-- The Blizzard and other Poems (1956) ,Fuori
di casa --
Out of Home (1969), Satura-
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