Nobel Prize in Literature-2000
Nobel Committee in its citation stated that Xingjian got the Prize
for an oeuvre of universal validity, bitter insights and linguistic
Born: 04/01/1940 in Ganzhou, Jiangxi, China
Citizen: China (1940-1998), France ( 1998- )
Gao is a novelist,
playwright and a noted translator. Besides that, he is an acclaimed
painter, screenplay writer and stage director. His works are less
known in his native country but are widely read in Europe.
father was a clerk in Bank of China and his mother was a member of
YMCA. His mother was a stage artist, had passion for theatre and
performed in anti-Japanese theatres during second Sino-Japanese War.
She encouraged the young Gao to paint, act and read. During his
school years, the young lad studied a lot of western literature
translated to Chinese and also mastered various types of painting and
sketching. In 1957, he graduated from Beijing Foreign Studies
University. After spending some time as a teacher, he worked for the
foreign relationship committee of Chinese Association of Writers in
1977. 1980, he became a screen writer as well as play writer in
Beijing People's Art Theatre.
1986, he undertook a 10 month trek along Yangtze after wrongly being
diagnosed of lung cancer. During this period, he wrote Soul Mountain,
a part memoir which was subsequently translated into English. The
book, with its narrative, created a flutter in the literary world and
has even been cited by the Nobel Committee.
Gao had shifted to Bagnolet,
a city adjacent to Paris, France. The political Fugitives (1989),
which makes reference to the Tiananmen
Square protests of 1989,
resulted in all his works being banned from performance in China.
The Other Shore(1986),
Shelter the Rain (1991) ,
Fugitives (1989),-- Dark City (1988)
Order Gao Xingjian's Books below