Mikhail Aleksandrovich Sholokhov
Nobel Prize in Literature-1965
in its citation stated that the prize was given for
"the artistic power and integrity
with which,in his epic of the Don, he has given expression to a
historic phase in the life of the Russian people."
Born: 24/05/1905 in Veshenskaya, Russia
Died: 21/02/1984 in Moscow, Russia
Mikhail Aleksandrovic Sholokhov ws
born in a poor Cossak family. His father was a farmer, cattle trader
and miller depending on the situation and his mother was illiterate.
She later learned to read and write when she wanted to correspond with
At an early age of 13, Mikhail
joined the Russian Civil War and spent several years fighting. He took
to writing at 17. The short story "Birth Mark" was published when he
was 19. Mikhail's masterpiece And Quiet Flows the Don took him 14
years to complete. He started in the year 1926 and finished it in
1940. It fetched him the Stalin Prize and also the Nobel. It is the
story of Cossacks during Russian Civil War and First World War.
His next masterpiece was
Virgin Soil Upturned which took him 28 years to complete and brought
him a Stalin Prize. It was made of two parts-Seeds of Tomorrow
& Harvest on the Don.
During Second World War, he
wrote extensively on Soviet War efforts to frustrate Nazi onslaught.
Incidentally, his mother was killed in a bombing during the war.
Sholokhov was a member of the
Soviet Academy of Sciences and was also recipient of Lenin Prize.
Landmarks:* An asteroid in men-belt is
named after him, 2448 Sholokhov.
Donskie rasakazy -- Tales of the Don(1926),Tikhy
-- (4 parts, 1928-40) translated in 2 parts-And
Quiet Flows the Don in 1934 & The
Don flows Home to the Sea in 1940, Podnyataya tselina
-- translated in 2 parts,
Virgin Soil Upturned in 1935 &
Harvest on the Don in 1960 (1932-60)
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