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Mo Yan

Awards: Nobel Prize in Literature-2012

Nobel Committee in its citation stated that Mo Yan got the Prize    for his work as a writer "who with hallucinatory realism merges folk tales, history and the contemporary"

Born: 17/02/1955 in Gaomi,Shandong, China

Citizen: China

Language: Chinese

Guan Moye who is popularly known by his pen name Mo Yan is a novelist & writer of China and is often referred to as the Chinese equivalent of Franz Kafka and Joseph Heller.

   He was born in a poor peasant family of China, left school when the country was in the grip of Cultural Revolution and at the age of 18, he was a worker in a cotton factory. During this period, he showed interest in literature and read books which were available. These novels were mostly written in socialist realist style of Mao Zedong and the theme was the class conflict and  class struggle.

  In 1976, Mo enlisted himself in People's Liberation Army and started writing when he was still a soldier. The works of Faulkner and Maraquez had an impact on him. In 1984, he bagged a literary award from PLA Academy. His first novella, A Transparent Radish, was published in 1984 followed by Red Sorghum in 1986. The novel catapulted him to national fame.

 Mo Yan's works are epic historical novels characterized by hallucinatory realism and containing elements of black humor. A major theme in Mo Yan's works is the constancy of human greed and corruption, despite the influence of ideology. Using dazzling, complex, and often graphically violent images, he sets many of his stories near his hometown, Northeast Gaomi Township in Shandong province.

When Mo Yan was awarded Nobel Prize, he had his share of criticism.The Chinese writer Ma Jian deplored Mo Yan's lack of solidarity and commitment to other Chinese writers and intellectuals who were punished or detained in violation of their constitutionally protected freedom of expression. Several other Chinese dissidents such as Ye Du and Ai Weiwei also criticized him,as did 2009 Nobel Laureate Herta Müller who called the decision a "catastrophe".A specific criticism was that Mo hand-copied Mao Zedong's influential Yan'an Talks on Literature and Art in commemoration of the 70th anniversary of the speech, which described the writer's responsibility to place politics before art,  and he has attracted criticism for his supposed good relationship with the Chinese Communist Party.

Notable Works: Falling Rain on a Spring Night(1981)Red Shorghum Clan(1987/1993), The Garlic Ballads"(1988/1995),  -- The Republic of Wine(1992/2000),  -- Big Breasts & Wide Hips (1996/2005) , Sandalwood Death (2013),-- Powl (2013)

Mo Yan

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