Joseph Rudyard Kipling
Nobel Prize in Literature-1907 .First English
language writer to receive the prize and to date, remains the youngest
The Nobel prize was awarded:
"In consideration of the power of
observation, originality of imagination, virility of ideas and
remarkable talent for narration which characterize the creations of
this world-famous author."
Born: 30/12/1865 in Bombay, India
Died: 18/01/1936 in London, UK due to
duodenal ulcer. He died 2 days before the death of King George V .
Rudyard Kipling was born in Bombay,
India to John (Lockwood) Kipling and Alice Kipling. John Kipling was a
sculptor and pottery designer and at the time of birth of the young
Kipling was the Principal of Sir J J School of Art, Bombay. When
Rudyard was 5 years old, he along with his sister was sent to England
to stay with a couple who were taking care of children of English men
serving in India. This period was very unhappy moment as Kipling would
recall later.In September, 1882, he came back to India to take up a
job of Assistant Editor of a local daily
Civil & Military Gazette in Lahore (Punjab).
The job was exciting for the
young men for it enabled him to get the true pulse of people and
events around him. From 1885-1888, he would go to Simla every summer
and the hills and meadows fired his imagination, far away from the
heat and dust of Lahore.His story collection
Plain Tales from the Hills was published in Calcutta in 1888.
In November, 1887, he was transferred to Allahabad, India as a
reporter of Pioneer, the sister publication of
Civil & Military Gazette.
Kipling left Pioneer in March, 1889 over some dispute and proceeded to
US on a tour during which he covered many places and met Mark Twain
and was much impressed by him. In October, 1889, he came back to
England to start writing again.
Kipling was one of the most popular writers
of England in Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Century.
Landmarks:* First decade
of 20th Century saw Kipling at the height of his literary career.* His
son died in First World War.
Notable Works: Plain
Tales from the Hills(1888), The
Light that Failed(1890), The
(1894) , The Second Jungle
Book(1895),The Seven Seas(1896),The
White Man's Burden(1899),
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