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Joseph Rudyard Kipling

Awards: Nobel Prize in Literature-1907 .First English language writer to receive the prize and to date, remains the youngest recipient

The Nobel prize was awarded: "In consideration of the power of observation, originality of imagination, virility of ideas and remarkable talent for narration which characterize the creations of this world-famous author."

Born: 30/12/1865 in Bombay, India

Died: 18/01/1936 in London, UK due to duodenal ulcer. He died 2 days before the death of King George V .

Citizen: British

Language: English

   Rudyard Kipling was born in Bombay, India to John (Lockwood) Kipling and Alice Kipling. John Kipling was a sculptor and pottery designer and at the time of birth of the young Kipling was the Principal of Sir J J School of Art, Bombay. When Rudyard was 5 years old, he along with his sister was sent to England to stay with a couple who were taking care of children of English men serving in India. This period was very unhappy moment as Kipling would recall later.In September, 1882, he came back to India to take up a job of Assistant Editor of a local daily Civil & Military Gazette in Lahore (Punjab).

    The job was exciting for the young men for it enabled him to get the true pulse of people and events around him. From 1885-1888, he would go to Simla every summer and the hills and meadows fired his imagination, far away from the heat and dust of Lahore.His story collection Plain Tales from the Hills was published in Calcutta in 1888. In November, 1887, he was transferred to Allahabad, India as a reporter of Pioneer, the sister publication of Civil & Military Gazette. Kipling left Pioneer in March, 1889 over some dispute and proceeded to US on a tour during which he covered many places and met Mark Twain and was much impressed by him. In October, 1889, he came back to England to start writing again.

  Kipling was one of the most popular writers of England in Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Century.

 

    Landmarks:* First decade of 20th Century saw Kipling at the height of his literary career.* His son died in First World War.

Notable Works: Plain Tales from the Hills(1888), The Light that Failed(1890), The Jungle Book (1894) , The Second Jungle Book(1895),The Seven Seas(1896),The White Man's Burden(1899) Kim(1901)

Rudyard Kipling

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