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T S Eliot

Genuine poetry can communicate before it is understood.-- T S Eliot

Awards: Nobel Prize in Literature-1948

Born: 26/09/1888 in St. Louis, Missouri, USA

Died: 04/01/1965 in London, England of emphysema which is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Citizen: By birth American, became a naturalized British Citizen in 1914

Language: English

      Thomas Stearns Eliot was born in a middle class family and was last of the six surviving children of his parents. His father was a well to do businessman and had interest in Poetry. The senior Eliot particularly admired Ralph Waldo Emerson. T S Eliot's mother used to occasionally write poems. During school days, Eliot had great passion for reading poems and stories. Due to sickness, he could not participate in outdoor activities like other children of his age and in the forced isolation, his love for literature grew.

Eliot after completing his BA and MA degree in Harvard, went to Sorbonne, France and did further studies for a year. During the period, The Love Song of J Alfred Prufrock was penned. In 1911, he returned back to Harvard to pursue course in Philosophy and did his Doctorate. Having spent nearly 3 years in Harvard again, he came to England in 1914. It was in England, that he first met Ezra Pound. For some time, he worked as a clerk in Lloyd's Bank. Here, he started writing The Waste Land. In 1921, Eliot finished the script and showed it to Ezra Pound.  Ezra Pound was instrumental in promoting Eliot. In 1922, The Waste Land was published. Subsequently, Eliot had several books published. But The Waste Land still stands out in content and sharpness of tone.

    Landmarks: was a heavy smoker. suffered from tachycardia /bronchitis. produced a small amount of poetry looking to his stature. Eliot wrote most of his poems when he was only 22.

       Valeri Fletcher, whom Eliot married in 1957, had presented Royal Society of Literature, London,  a fountain pen used by Eliot( which was given to Eliot as a school boy by his mother) and the same was formally inducted into the society by noted writer James Wood on 18/03/2013 in a glittering ceremony. Wood flew from USA for the purpose.

Notable Works:  Gerontion (1920) , The Waste Land (1922), The Hollow Men (1925), Ash Wednesday (1930), Four Quartets (1945), The Love Song of J Alfred Prufrock (), The Rock:A Pageant Play(1934)Murder in the Cathedral(1935)

T S Eliot

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