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William Butler Yeats

Awards: Nobel Prize in Literature-1923. First Irish writer to be awarded the Prize.

Nobel Committee in its citation stated that the prize was given for "inspired poetry, which in a highly artistic form gives expression to the spirit of a whole nation." Yeats is generally considered one of the few writers who completed their greatest works after being awarded the Nobel Prize;

Born: 13/06/1865 in Dublin, Ireland

Died: 28/01/1939 

Citizen: Irish

Language: English

   Yeats was the son of a well known Irish painter and had inherited the literary inclination from his father. His childhood was spent in Silo county and London where his father was stationed. At the age of 15, Yeats came back to Dublin to pursue further studies and also painting.

       Yeats dabbled in various forms of writing but soon discovered that poetry was his cup of tea. He drew resources heavily from Irish folklore and traditions to include in his poems. While after 1910, he was very much influenced by Ezra Pound and use of imagery increased in his poems, he was an ardent follower of verse form and followed the poetic rhythm.

    Landmarks:* Yeats was one of the founders of Abbey Theatre in Dublin. * Irish revolutionary Maud Gonne had a powerful influence on Yeats and Yeats was also romantically involved with her. * Yeats had a lifelong interest in mysticism and occult which annoyed some of his contemporaries such as W H Auden. * He wrote a 22 page preface to the First English edition of Rabindranath Tagore's Gitanjali. Tagore got Nobel Prize in 1913.* He founded Irish Literary Society.

Notable Poems: The Wanderings of Vision(1889,poetry), The Celtic Twilight(1893,essays), On Baile's Strand (1904,play) , At the Hawk's Well(1916,play),The Wild Swans at Coole(1917,poem),Raster(1916,poem)The Tower(1928), The Winding Stair(1929), Last Poems and Plays(1940,posthumously)

WB Yeats

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