Awards: Booker Prize 1980
, Nobel Prize in Literature
Born: 19/09/1911 in Newguay, England
Died: 19/06/1993 in Perranarworthal,
William Gerald Golding was a British General,
Scientific and Historic fiction writer and essayist and poet. He
studied in Oxford University as an Under Graduate taking up natural
science for two years before switching to English Literature. In 1934,
his first book Poems was published.
Golding joined Royal Navy in 1940 at the
onset of the World War and was involved in the sinking of the German
Battleship Bismarck. After war, he returned to teaching and writing.
In 1951, Lord of the Flies was published and received warm response.
Then followed a series of books. Golding used allusions to literature,
mythology and Christian symbolism,Rites of Passage won the
Booker. The Scorpion God
a volume of three novellas set in a prehistoric African
hunter-gatherer band ('Clonk, Clonk'), an ancient Egyptian court ('The
Scorpion God') and the court of a Roman emperor ('Envoy
got Nobel Prize in 1983 which was unexpected and contentious as the
favorites were Graham Greene and Anthony Burgess.
Major Works: Lord of the Flies(1954),
The Inheritors(1955),Pincher Martin(1956), Free Fall(1959),
The Spire(1964), The Pyramid(1967), The Scorpion God(1971),
Darkness Visible(1979),To The Ends of the Earth (triology)
consisting of Rites of Passage(1980), Close Quarters(1987),
Fire Down Below(1989).
Golding's Books below